De-embedding S-Parameters

Click here to go to our main page on S-parameter measurements

Click here to go to our page on TRL calibration (New for April 2018!) 

Click here to learn about de-embedding load-pull data

De-embedding is an extremely important topic. One of these days we'll develop some better content for this page. Be patient! If you have expertise in this area, please contribute!

While we are on the subject, here's something that bugs us. If you have data that is not de-embedded, it is stupid to say it is "un-de-embedded". Please just say "embedded"!

De-embedding is the act of taking data that is measured in a test fixture and removing the effects of the fixture so that the data is accurate to reference planes that are more useful, using vector measurements of known standards. For example, you can de-embed a FET measurement so that the reference planes are the gate and drain bus-bars; these data can be used in an amplifier design or to create an equivalent circuit model.

If your component is matched to fifty ohms, you don't always need to properly de-embed it to understand its performance. In most cases you only need to remove attenuation of input and output traces from the test fixture. This is a scalar version of de-embedding, and you can do this in Excel or even with a calculator, so long as you have data on fixture loss (over frequency) and can apportion it to input and output sides. Sometimes the fixture is symmetrical, and you can split its loss in half to make corrections.

There are many de-embedding schemes, here are just a few. The acronyms refer to the standards that are measured in order to create the "error boxes".

LRM: load-reflect-match

SOLT: short-open-load-through

TRL: through-reflect-load

Meanwhile, as we wait for more content onths page, checj out VNAhelp  for more information:





Author : Unknown Editor